Paleizen

Moderator: yuti

Paleizen

Berichtdoor Philip Arrhidaeus » Do Mrt 29, 2007 8:33 pm

Welke paleizen zijn er gekend?

Omdat deze met modderstenen gebouwd werden, of althans het grootste gedeelte ervan, is er minder van overgebleven dan van de natuurstenen tempels.

De paleizen uit Vroege Tijden hebben sporen nagelaten in de architectuur van de mastaba’s, de versiering van de sarcofagen en in de serech.

Er wordt soms getwijfeld of de bijgebouwen in de dodentempel van Seti I; het Ramesseum, de dodentempel van Merenptah en Medinet Haboe ook werkelijke paleizen waren en geen symbolische bedoeling hadden, maar het is zeer waarschijnlijk dat dit inderdaad tijdelijke residenties waren.

Het ‘paleis’ van Ramses III te Medinet Habu, zicht naar het zuiden vanaf het dak van de tempel:

Afbeelding

http://www.biblemysteries.com/images/TEMPLE2.jpg
(nummers 21 en 22 op dit plan van Medinet Haboe, de tempel van Ramses III)


Verder zijn er overblijfselen, maar geen echte staande muren meer, van

een paleis van Merenptah te Memphis
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/memph ... nptah.html

het paleis van Amenhotep III te Malqata (Westelijke oever te Luxor)
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/thebes/malqata.html
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/thebes/malqata2.html

het paleis van Echnaton, Tell el-Amarna
http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/royalestate.htm

het paleis van Amenemhet III te Bubastis
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/bubastis/palace.html

het paleis van Apries te Memphis
http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/memphis/palace.html
Gebruikers-avatar
Philip Arrhidaeus
Site Admin
 
Berichten: 6386
Geregistreerd: Do Mrt 23, 2006 3:16 pm
Woonplaats: Vlaanderen

Berichtdoor Rozette » Wo Apr 04, 2007 8:17 am

Quote Philip :
Het paleis van Amenhotep III te Malqata (Westelijke oever te Luxor)


The most completely preserved royal residence is the palace complex of Amenhotep III at Malkata in Western Thebes.

Unlike smaller ceremonial palaces attached to the funerary temples of New Kingdom Kings, Malkata was a residential palace that would have served as an actual living place, although it was probably not a year-long residence. There is evidence that the pharaoh, like an Elizabethan ruler, made royal progresses to a number of palaces scattered throughout the realm.

The palace proper at Malkata covers an area of approximately 50 by 125 meters. It is more or less symmetrical in plan with a long, narrow hall running along the central axis of the structure. At the southern end of this hall was located the throne room and behind it the private apartments of the King, which included a series of courts, many with a raised throne dias opposite the entrance. The palace itself was situated at the southwestern corner of a vast enclosure wall, at least 100 x 200 meters wide. The enclosure also contained a number of magazines, store-rooms, courts, kitchens and smaller structures. Entrance to the palace of the King was through a rampway cutting the western face of the enclosure wall and via a series of off-axis corridors and a large court. From these, one was led into an antechamber that opened into the long central hall. Although much of the upper part of the palace was destroyed, a significant amount of the original decorative elements remained.

The mural paintings at Malkata are by far the most complete of any surviving palace, and they are important in determining the spatial arrangement of the palace activities. The palace had been embellished with an elaborate series of wall murals, painted pavements, ceilings and inlays. Like an Egyptian temple, the decoration referenced the world over which the god/king ruled. The pavements consisted of representations of pools with swimming ducks and fish surrounded by a border of papyrus with flying birds. The throne bases had steps decorated with bound prisoners and representations of the "nine bows", the traditional enemies of Egypt, who would be trampled under foot every time the King ascended or descended from his throne.

The wooden columns were carved and painted in imitation of lotuses and the ceiling painted with flying birds. The "antechamber" and the "king's bedchamber" were the most lavishly decorated rooms. The ceiling of the "antechamber" was decorated with an elaborate panel of running spirals, buchrania and rosettes. The "King's bedchamber" had a ceiling decorated with flying vultures and the panel dado of amuletic signs as in the antechamber. In this room it was surmounted by figures of the goddess Bes.

Link reliefs slaapkamer koning.
http://www.waseda.jp/prj-egypt/images/MPKBR2L.JPG
http://www.waseda.jp/prj-egypt/images/MPKBR3L.JPG

Reconstructie unieke plafondschilderingen met Nekhbet voorstellingen
http://www.waseda.jp/prj-egypt/images/MPKBR6L.JPG

The "Harem suites" reserved for the royal women were also lavishly decorated with ceilings painted with flying pigeons, ducks of grape arbors.

Link plafondschildering "Harem suites" vrouwenverblijven.
http://www.waseda.jp/prj-egypt/images/MPrmL5L.JPG
http://www.waseda.jp/prj-egypt/images/MPrmN5L.JPG
http://www.waseda.jp/prj-egypt/images/MPrmB5L.JPG
Bron : http://www.waseda.jp/prj-egypt/sites/MP-E.html
http://80.65.232.176/Photos/00/00/02/73 ... 7384_3.JPG
Bron : http://www.insecula.com/us/oeuvre/O0004989.html


Even the palace magazines had elaborate mural decorations depicting tables heaped with food, papyrus plants and leaping calves.

bron : http://www.keganpaul.com/articles_main. ... ticles/29/
Gebruikers-avatar
Rozette
 
Berichten: 1136
Geregistreerd: Za Mrt 25, 2006 6:57 pm

Berichtdoor Rozette » Do Apr 05, 2007 7:36 pm

Quote : het paleis van Apries te Memphis

The Palace of Apries
Memphis II
By
W. M. Flinders Petrie

http://www.case.edu/univlib/preserve/Et ... /title.pdf

Quote : een paleis van Merenptah te Memphis

Link : reconstructie troonzaal paleis Meremptah te Memphis
http://www.museum.upenn.edu/new/exhibits/online_exhibits/images/colordrawingmerenptah.gif

Palace of the Pharaoh Merenptah
(19th Dynasty)
These grand architectural elements are the finest preserved parts of an ancient Egyptian palace anywhere in the world, and the only one on exhibit in the United States. The palace originally stood in the vicinity of the sanctuary of Ptah at Memphis, where it housed the king during religious festivals. It was excavated in 1915 by a University of Pennsylvania Museum expedition led by Clarence Fischer. Merenptah was the son and successor (1213 - 1204 BC) of one of Egypt's best known pharaohs, Ramesses II. The current installation includes a monumental gateway to the palace, along with columns, doorframes and windows.

Link foto : http://www.museum.upenn.edu/new/exhibits/online_exhibits/images/loweregypt2.gif

Bron : http://www.museum.upenn.edu/new/exhibit ... phis.shtml
Gebruikers-avatar
Rozette
 
Berichten: 1136
Geregistreerd: Za Mrt 25, 2006 6:57 pm

Berichtdoor Rozette » Vr Apr 06, 2007 7:11 am

The University Museum Excavations at the Palace-City of Malkata

by David O'Connor

http://130.91.80.97:591/PDFs/21-2/UM%20Excavations.pdf
Gebruikers-avatar
Rozette
 
Berichten: 1136
Geregistreerd: Za Mrt 25, 2006 6:57 pm

Berichtdoor Rozette » Vr Apr 06, 2007 11:29 pm

Quote : het paleis van Echnaton, Tell el-Amarna

The Official Website of the Amarna Project

Link met prachtige foto's, kleurige reconstructies enz.
Een schat aan informatie voor de Amarna liefhebber :) !

http://www.amarnaproject.com/pages/amar ... ndex.shtml

Great Palace
By the time that Amarna was abandoned the Great Palace (a modern name) extended for at least 580 metres along the west side of Royal Road and occupied the ground between it and the riverbank. A scene in the tomb of May (no. 14) shows what must be the river aspect of the palace: a long colonnade looking out over a foreshore with vegetation and boat equipment, beyond which are moored boats with their gangways resting on land. The palace is clearly orientated towards the north, but the place where the grand entrance is to be expected lies beneath the modern fields.

North Palace
An isolated rectangular building, in modern times called the North Palace, stands between the North Suburb and the North City, facing west towards the river and standing perpendicularly on a line a little back from the prolongation of Royal Road. It was excavated in 1923 and 1924, and parts were re-examined in the 1990s.
Many inscriptions found in the North Palace show that, whilst it may have been originally made for Nefertiti or Kiya (a queen prominent in the earlier part of Akhenaten's reign) it was later converted into a palace for the eldest daughter and heiress, Princess Meritaten.

http://www.amarnaproject.com/pages/amar ... ndex.shtml

In dit paleis dat oorspronkelijk toebehoorde aan Nefertiti of Kiya werden heel mooie muurschilderingen ontdekt. Later behoorde dit paleis toe aan Meritaten, de oudste dochter van Akhenaten en Nefertiti.

Watercolour copy of one of the ‘Green Room’ paintings, by N. de G. Davies http://www.amarnaproject.com/images/ama ... ace/22.jpg

Watercolour copies of paintings around the garden court, by F. G. Newton
http://www.amarnaproject.com/images/ama ... ace/23.jpg
Gebruikers-avatar
Rozette
 
Berichten: 1136
Geregistreerd: Za Mrt 25, 2006 6:57 pm

Berichtdoor vangilspatrick » Do Jun 21, 2007 11:14 am

In de restauratie stele van Toetanchamon wordt melding gemaakt van de koning die verblijft in het paleis (het huis) van Aakheperkara. Dit paleis van Thoetmosis I heeft waarschijnlijk in de buurt van Memphis gelegen.

Ook in de Qurna tempel van Sethi I zijn restanten van een paleis teruggevonden.
Gebruikers-avatar
vangilspatrick
 
Berichten: 76
Geregistreerd: Ma Apr 16, 2007 2:21 pm
Woonplaats: Alphen aan den Rijn

Berichtdoor Philip Arrhidaeus » Ma Jun 15, 2009 8:10 pm

Ik droom eigenlijk nooit over het oude Egypte - ergens vind ik dat wel jammer; goedkoper dan op reis gaan en véél flexibeler qua reisprogramma.

Deze morgen werd ik wakker met de gedachte dat die paleizen bij Medinet Haboe, Ramesseum, Seti I, ... absoluut geen echte paleizen kunnen geweest zijn, ook geen tijdelijke ... wegens veel te klein, ook voor de hofhouding en vroeg ik me af of alles in die dodentempels niet symbolisch was, inclusief verschijningsvenster en mogelijke haremverblijven.

Geen originele gedachte, ik weet het ... maar ik wou het toch even kwijt. :)
Gebruikers-avatar
Philip Arrhidaeus
Site Admin
 
Berichten: 6386
Geregistreerd: Do Mrt 23, 2006 3:16 pm
Woonplaats: Vlaanderen


Terug naar Architectuur

Wie is er online?

Gebruikers in dit forum: Geen geregistreerde gebruikers en 1 gast

cron